Construction Cost Pdf

In preparing the sixth edition of Estimating Construction Costs the author has retained the fundamental concepts of estimating that have made the book successful for many years. This contract may be for labor only, material only, or for labor and material. 100s of Assemblies Built In – Customizable assemblies perfect for construction estimating. 3 The construction of the Erie Canal between 1817 and 1825, for example, went 46 percent overbudget, while the canal’s later expansion went 142 percent overbudget. 19, down 26. Our Construction Proposal Template instantly generates professional construction proposals for you, so your workflow can feel less like a construction site and more like a finished structure. PDF | Smartsheet Creating a construction cost estimate is good practice for anyone who cares about how much their. In the realm of architecture, each project is unique - and along with every individual project comes its own cost-driving program elements. 2%, the highest in seven years. Ecoroofs are expected to be an important part of the city’s urban strategy as it grows and density increases in the decades to come. 3 The total cost of tenant improvement for first time improvement in a new nonresidential. It is important to understand that this is usually an estimate of the possible total cost. 1 percent, while the construction industry declined 0. The numbers below (e. Defining Construction Costs According to the data we collected on total project costs, hard construction costs repre-sented more than 60 percent of the total cost. The Commission has proposed the normative capital cost,. Land costs a. In this example, that is an estimated average of 30%. 3 MB ) 2020-05-26 16:02:09. Environmental Matters 6. Supervision of Work: The Owner agrees that the direction and supervision of the working forces, including subcontractors, rests exclusively with the Builder, or its duly designated agent, and the Owner agrees not to issue any instructions to, or otherwise interfere with, the same. ENR publishes periodically the indices of local construction costs at the major cities in different regions. 1 The acquisition and development of real. It is adopted worldwide as the ideal means of producing an immense array of. This number can be provided as a standard base prior to adding the costs of materials and other factors that are known to change on a project by project basis. BD+C’s cause is to provide essential solutions that inspire Building Teams to design and construct great places for people. In the early days, the so-called stick-and-wire-and-. The construction cost estimate shall represent the "fair and reasonable" cost to the Government. Masonry Cost Worksheet 4-Masonry Gabion, basket, 3 ft deep S. Access accurate and up-to-date building construction costs data that helps pre construction managers, architects, engineers, contractors and others to precisely project and control cost estimation of both new building construction and renovation projects. Operation and maintenance costs are estimated to be $180,000 per year. Factors affecting construction cost performance in project management projects: Case of MARA large projects Article (PDF Available) · January 2014 with 11,690 Reads How we measure 'reads'. The potential exports market for construction Source: CII-KPMG Report on Indian Infrastructure, KPMG Analysis. Permitting b. Some areas have energy efficient mortgages which help offset any added construction costs due to energy improvements. 3 Project Cost, Inflated to 2012 Start at 3. Rates are based on average standards and should only serve as basic guidelines. Presenting Detailed Cost Estimates in the Project Administration Manual 15 C. • Nelson-Farrar Refinery Construction Cost index. Therefore, if you take on a large construction project that costs a grand total of $100,000, then you should expect to pay the manager around $10,000 to $15,000 for his or her services. Cost competitiveness relative to the United States has declined particularly sharply " There are also signs of slowed produc­ tivity in Canada relative to Japan. CIP sponsors gain coverage and cost advantages by limiting the scope of coverage to the risks associated with a specific project or set of projects and by. Please note that while cost estimating in support of design-bid-build projects is covered in depth in this manual, there are certain other conditions, such as design-build project delivery,. Supervision of Work: The Owner agrees that the direction and supervision of the working forces, including subcontractors, rests exclusively with the Builder, or its duly designated agent, and the Owner agrees not to issue any instructions to, or otherwise interfere with, the same. This template shows how a basic construction estimate should be. material cost: The amount of money invested in the production of a product. 00 3,500 36 RCP AT 26TH STREET 85 LF 100. Cost competitiveness relative to the United States has declined particularly sharply " There are also signs of slowed produc­ tivity in Canada relative to Japan. Price is what you pay for goods or services you acquire; Cost is the amount of inputs incurred in producing a product and Value is what goods or services pay you i. In accordance with Attachment A to Decision D. 8% * Construction cost estimates reflect a reference date of October 2003 (GSA FY04) and a reference location of Washington, DC. Policy and Guidance PDPM Chapter 20 - Cost Estimating (PDF). 2 — School Facilities Cost Calculator. 40 $275 Renovation $21,605,605 warehouse in I2 $218. Farm dams should be planned and built with the same care you would apply to building a house. Construction Funding Checklist1 1. No cost data has been developed for special resort areas such as Lake Tahoe, where costs for goods and services are likely to be substantially higher than costs for comparable goods and services in metropolitan, urban, and suburban areas. International Construction Costs 2019 Value creation in uncertain times Global economic volatility, including trade conflicts and tightening finance conditions mean that more than ever, construction clients need predictability and efficiency in their projects. For example, while estimating the cost of a building work, the quantity of brickwork in the building would be measured in cubic meters. Therefore, if you take on a large construction project that costs a grand total of $100,000, then you should expect to pay the manager around $10,000 to $15,000 for his or her services. construction costs. Since changes may have occurred after the publication date that would affect the accuracy of this document, no guarantees are. Fixing issues around your home can make it more efficient and comfortable - not to mention increase its value. Construction labor costs will lead these increases, which are forecasted to be in the 3-4% range in 2018. Project Construction Cost Analysis Fall 2012 (FY 2006 - FY 2012) Public Universities and Health-Related Institutions Facility Type New Construction Average Cost per Square Foot plus One Standard Deviation Repair and Renovation Average Cost per Square Foot plus One Standard Deviation Athletic $335 $234 Auditorium/Theater $541 $356. Jonas Construction Software Hensel Phelps Construction Co. DES is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary engineering organization committed to providing our clients with quality products and services in a timely manner. The +/- value represents typical percentage variation of actual costs from the cost estimate after application of contingency (typically at a 50% level of confidence) for given scope. The book also contains square foot. Quarterly Construction Price and Cost Indices Commentary 1Q2014 Coverage: UK, Great Britain and England and Wales Geographical area: Country and region Date of publication: 17 June 2014 PCI Headline results The BIS Output Price Index for New Construction (2010): All New Construction for 1st Quarter 2014 increased by 1. Online construction supply store featuring Walker building cost estimating books and software, safety equipment, measuring instruments and more. The cost of acquiring land and property— sometimes, land costs are considered soft costs 3. It explains costs in a reasoned manner - as a precursor to you seeking. Your direct construction labor and materials costs 2. A number of sources are used to derive the figures in this guide including, but not limited to: • Rawlinson's Australian Construction Handbook • Archicentre Cost Guides • Cordell's Building Cost Guides • cost estimates derived from applications. Project cost overruns and risk management Please leave footer empty to be in “chaos” (Leftly, 2001). The advantage of a cost plus contract is that, generally speaking, the project will result in the building that was envisioned, even if costs run high. Other Presentational Requirements 16 V. Calculate and estimate your HVAC system replacement cost for the installation of a Central Air Conditioner, Gas Furnace, Heat Pump System, Gas Packs, Heat Pump Package Units and more, just got easier!. The purpose of cost reporting is to inform the client in a construction project of the likely outturn cost of the construction project. Page 2 of 4 7. Producer Price Index (PPI) Material Inputs (excluding labor) costs to new construction increased +4% in 2018 after a downward trend from +5% in 2011 led to decreased cost of -3% in 2015, the only negative cost for inputs in the past 20 years. Arcadis Construction Cost Handbook For over 80 years, Arcadis has provided high quality cost management solutions to its clients in Asia. Construction projects typically involve tens and hundreds of companies, supplying materials, components, and a wide range of construction services (Dainty et al. 5 Minimizing Contractor Negative Cash Flow 195 9. electricity costs from the 5’ x 5’ grow (at $75, based on 40 watts per square foot), but consider a range of other costs from $50 - $150 per pound. The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building by applying an integrated design and team approach to the project during the planning and programming phases. Note: Here and throughout this presentation, unless otherwise indicated, the analysis assumes 60% debt at 8% interest rate and 40% equity at 12% cost. Residential Construction is defined as any construction that is not considered commercial in nature. Costs such as that of land, architectural design, consultant and engineer's fee are not construction costs. When added to a mortgage, energy improvements usually cost less than the savings they offer on utility bills. BUILDING A HOME DISTILLATION APPARATUS 1 Foreword The pages that follow contain a step by step guide to building a relatively sophisticated still. 1 Uncertainty in Project Costings 17 4. construction can add to installation costs. The average pallet storage fee came in at $13. The insurance costs are loaded into their bid. The construction of a new 53,400 sq ft non-combustible, steel and concrete building with 3stories above - ground, and a mezzanine level between the ground floor and the second floor with a total contact cost of $18. 0 Dealing with Construction Permits (rank) 132 Score of dealing with construction permits (0-100) 61. Shortage of Internal Resources 3. (Besides the initial construction costs), ongoing maintenance costs are generally higher for a signalized intersection than the cost of maintaining a roundabout. Research has shown that the cost of modular commercial construction across the country will be impacted by the labor shortage and cost of construction materials. It is our ambition to lead the industry in reducing carbon emissions and accelerating the transition towards low-carbon construction. 0 Page 8 of 14 6 Cost Estimating Examples The following examples of Options Analysis - Cost Effectiveness Analysis have been included as guides to incorporating operating and maintenance costs into options assessments. Healthcare facility construction costs,. The BNi Building News Satisfaction Guarantee. epcompanion. Crew's hourly rate X 3 (amount of workers) X 6 (number of weeks) X 40 (hours per week) = Cost of the project. ADVANTAGES OF CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE PARKING STRUCTURES At the time of construction (1990), the Franklin/Van Buren Parking Facility, Chicago, IL. Guidelines for Determining Architect/Engineering Fees for Public Works Building Projects Office of Financial Management 2 March 2015. Warren Gill, Professor, Animal Science Clyde D. Adobe structures are generally self-made because the construction practice is simple and does not require. The Office of Construction & Facilities Management (CFM) is responsible for the planning, design, and construction of all major construction projects greater than $20 million. Factors contributing to cost overruns of construction projects Durban South Africa ISBN: 978--620-46703-2 134 1. Marquette University, 2010 Construction cost estimating is considered one of the most important and critical phases of a construction project. We will notify you when there is a job that matches your skill set. costs, compared to their most likely replacements. at the high end (about 75% of SAS's costs). in (1:4:8) to use 40 mm metal including the cost off conveyance of all materials and labor charges etc. Read Building Construction Costs With RSMeans Data 2020 PDF by R S Means Co Listen to Building Construction Costs With RSMeans Data 2020 (Means Building Construction Cost Data) audiobook by Read Online Building Construction Costs With RSMeans Dat. reconstruction costs …. You can alternatively use this calculator to arrive at the pricing for your custom requirements. Building a custom home can cost $100 a square foot or $350,000 for 3,500 square feet for a modest custom home in a low-cost area; with top-of-the-line materials, the average custom home costs $200-$400 or more a square foot, or $700,000-$1. Permit Fee = Gross Area x Square Foot Construction Cost. Costs Rsmeans 2020 Building Construction Costs Rsmeans Cost Data Free Download Rsmeans Construction Cost Data 2015 Pdf Building Construction Costs Book With Rsmeans Data Building Construction Costs With Rsmeans Data 2018 Rsmeans Electrical Change Order Cost Data Building Construction Costs With Rsmeans Data 2019 2020. Overall Construction Costs in 2018. industries have experienced almost continuous productivity growth for the past several decades. 80 $300 Equipment Costs rehabiIitation $171. Following a consistent methodology and format for all construction cost estimates submitted. Typical cost of a new adobe house in Peru is about US$20/m2 (WHE Report 52, Peru) and US$ /m2 in India (WHE Report 23, India). Because of the nature of the construction business, the ability to obtain adequate surety credit can have an impact on the performance of the Company. To estimate the national average construction cost of a building in 1970,. The standard industry cost and engineering estimate of materials, supplies, and labor required to replace a facility or item of equipment at existing size and functional capability. Preliminary Construction Budget Sample Project (Somewhere, CA) Off-Site Detail 9 S T O R M D R A I N DESCRIPTION QUANTITY UNIT COST TOTAL REMARKS X CONNECT TO EXISTING SD SYSTEM AT 24TH 1 EA 3,500. ) correspond to the provisions in the agreement. For over 80 years, Arcadis has provided high quality cost management solutions to its clients in Asia. Price is what you pay for goods or services you acquire; Cost is the amount of inputs incurred in producing a product and Value is what goods or services pay you i. Project management gathers actual costs (feedback) and compares them to the project budget. The purpose of this Guide is to present and clarify the Fund's requirements under Contract. Presenting the Summary Cost Estimates in the Report and Recommendation of the President 15 B. DES is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary engineering organization committed to providing our clients with quality products and services in a timely manner. Soft costs — all the costs you don't see a. and the PS&E. 19, down 26. Multiple bends such as continuous truss bars in bridge deck slabs are m o r e costly per hundred pounds since they usually have. the consulting and training firm of Henry Moore Building Communities Inc. pdf) Itemized bid Sheet (Excel and *. Virtuoso Construction Company, Inc. The 2016 National Construction Estimator lists esti-mated construction costs to general contractors per-forming the work with their own crews, as of mid-2016. Life-cycle cost isdefined as the sum of four major cost categories: (1) research and development costs; (2) investment costs, consisting of procurement, military construction, and acquisitionrelated operations and maintenance (O&M) - associated with. The costs and expenses that are accountable directly on a facility, function or product are called as direct costs. This report identif ies and analyze s the nature of discrepancies in highway construction costs and cost inflation estimates between Minnesota and other federal and national measures as described in the language in the. Sunk costs are those costs that have been irreversibly incurred or committed; they may also be termed unrecoverable costs. Building a custom home can cost $100 a square foot or $350,000 for 3,500 square feet for a modest custom home in a low-cost area; with top-of-the-line materials, the average custom home costs $200-$400 or more a square foot, or $700,000-$1. an experienced construction professional, such as a consultant project manager (Love and Mohamed, 1996). The revisions to our Home Construction Arbitration Rules and Mediation Procedures are effective August 1, 2018. Costs in the tables include all construction costs: labor, material, equipment, plans, building permit, supervision, overhead and profit. examines drivers of unit costs of construction and mainte-nance of transport infrastructure in low and middle income countries and documents that: (i) there is a large dispersion in unit costs for comparable road work activities; (ii) after accounting for environmental drivers of costs, residual unit. Supervision of Work: The Owner agrees that the direction and supervision of the working forces, including subcontractors, rests exclusively with the Builder, or its duly designated agent, and the Owner agrees not to issue any instructions to, or otherwise interfere with, the same. The total cost per unit quantity of each item is analyzed and worked out. 40 $275 Renovation $21,605,605 warehouse in I2 $218. compassinternational. Because, construction costs vary according to complexity, so, construction costs should really vary by the main types of construction complexity. This means that the owner will first pay for all the actual costs incurred during construction such as costs for materials and labor. The level of finish you desire can dramatically affect the price you pay. Check out this list of features. Commercial Construction Costs Per Square Foot 2018. MEConstructionNews. 2 Note: The city cost indexes for Canada can be used to convert. Construction costs have risen less than the European average, or have even declined in some of these countries. A multi‐ span bridge with Lengths less than 200ft should use an average between. The Office of Construction & Facilities Management (CFM) is responsible for the planning, design, and construction of all major construction projects greater than $20 million. The change order administration involves creating, issuing or receiving various type of documents by the parties involved – the owner, the contractor and the architect. and the PS&E. reconstruction costs …. 2 are required for release of retention funds. This guidance document contains the cost estimating guidance and milestones to track estimates from planning through Final Design Office Meeting. —Methods of Reducing Building Costs 201 Design 201 Choice of Materials 202 Construction 203 Chapter 32. Presenting Cost Estimates in the Project Completion Report 15 D. Next, calculate the indirect costs, which are costs that are shared across multiple programs or services. benefit costs were $ 11. Heavy Construction Systems Specialists HCSS estimating software 1401 for selected unique items. cost overruns. 3 The construction of the Erie Canal between 1817 and 1825, for example, went 46 percent overbudget, while the canal’s later expansion went 142 percent overbudget. Luckily, I can use the self-reported cost data from ADU owners on recent ADU tours to show some of these actual costs from recent real life examples. The data also shows that the cost to insure a metal building is significantly lower than frame and joisted masonry buildings while the cost of construction for a metal building is only slightly higher than the construction cost of both frame and joisted masonry structures. With Simpl • Est Unit Price , you get a complete estimating solution for just $12. Construction cost estimating is the process of forecasting the cost of building a physical structure. The work undertaken under these contracts, and the value of that work, is extremely varied, ranging. 02, the average cubic footage charge was $. and identified in the estimate, including any allowance for construction period cost escalation that a contractor would build in to the bid amount. Define the Scope of the Project. This will give you a baseline understanding of what it will cost you to complete the project. Cost Estimating Page 1 of 2 SDLC: Related Links COST ESTIMATING. Road construction unit costs are estimated by dividing the machine rates by the production rates for the various activities involved in road construction. The quarterly construction price and cost indices (PCIs) are produced for use in estimating, cost checking and fee negotiation on public sector construction works. It does not cover estimates for the products manufactured by the process facilities, or for research and development work in support of the process industries. in (1:4:8) to use 40 mm metal including the cost off conveyance of all materials and labor charges etc. “The cost per occupied room differential between a Tru and a Hampton, or a Hampton and a Home2, are very clearly defined for us,” Jaritz said. Other than the Engineering Services as defined in Section 3. AFRICA ROPERT ONSTRUCTIO OS UIDE AFRICA ROPERT ONSTRUCTIO OS UIDE AFRICA ROPERT ONSTRUCTIO OS UIDE AFRICA ROPERT ONSTRUCTIO OS UIDE Approximate Inclusive Building Cost Rates 36 Section 05 Global Sentiment and Building Costs 45 Africa Outlook 2018 45 Africa in Figures 47 Africa Building. WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and technologies. 3 Project Income (Cash-in) 188 9. Report results. reconstruction costs …. 2 points (-15. Skilled and common labor, iron and steel, building materials, miscellaneous equipment. 54, the average cost per bin was $2. for the total duration of the construction period. Between 1986 and 1990, the productivity of construction labour in Japan increased by 6. This study analyzed 363 Clark County Department of Public Works (CCDPW) projects to determine construction cost and schedule overruns in various types and sizes of the projects. PDF | Smartsheet Creating a construction cost estimate is good practice for anyone who cares about how much their. Very broadly, construction costs will be those costs incurred by the actual construction works themselves, and on some projects may be determined by the value of the contract with the. Recommended Practices for. ENR publishes both a Construction Cost Index and Building Cost index that are widely used in the construction industry. Alongside. This method may work adequately for. Fortunately, there are plenty of free construction estimate templates available online. 49 per square foot. and Canada. 2 Surveying with GPS for Construction Works Using the National RTK Reference Network and Precise Geoid Models 1st FIG International Symposium on Engineering Surveys for Construction Works and Structural Engineering Nottingham, United Kingdom, 28 June - 1 July 2004. Tips for Viewing Text Files Use Notepad to view the text files with the following set up: Font = Fixedsys; Size = 9; Landscape layout. 1 MB, About PDF) —This report attempts to quantify the private and public costs and benefits of green roofs—or "ecoroofs"—in Portland, Oregon. The cost of many products used in construction climbed 7. From the USA, I. The template is fully editable. 5 percent), followed by excavation, foundation and backfill (9. A multi‐ span bridge with Lengths less than 200ft should use an average between. Our knowledgeable metal building specialists will be happy to discuss your project with you. While design disciplines have defined criteria that defines correct and incorrect design inclusions and calculations, there are no such equivalent for the construction cost estimate. Taking into consideration the elements of design, architecture, construction, furniture, fixtures, IT implementation and more, the average cost to build out an office is $196. Masonry Cost Worksheet 4-Masonry Gabion, basket, 3 ft deep S. Increase cost by 5% every year if using Turner Building Cost Index. 17% given at roughly 250 pallets. Low Cost House Plans | House Plans Reduce cost of housing construction Although moladi technology is primarily a manufacturer of a re-useable machine made formwork system that allows walls to be cast stronger faster for less, the principal focus is on the delivery of the “whole house”. Unit costs cover construction costs only – all development or “soft” costs are excluded. Example: Child Care Center Start-Up Costs You will incur some one-time costs just to get your business started. Construction Dictionary, 8th Edition, The National Association of Women in Construction, 1991. Project underestimation of resources and costs is one of the most common contributors to project failure. COST INDEXES • Engineering News-Record Construction Cost index. The length of the. I S 460 Lecture Notes Professor Yong Tan 1/5 Lecture 14: Cost Estimation Overview - Project management activities - Project costing - Project scheduling and staffing - Project monitoring and review - General cost estimation rules - Algorithmic Cost Modeling - Function point model - COCOMO Components of Project Cost - Tools (both HW and SW). Check out this list of features. ; materials such as steel, pine, vinyl, etc. Construction Estimate Templates - Free Word, Excel & PDF Documents. CONSTRUCTION COSTS - ESTIMATES and ACTUAL Job Name: _____Date _____ No. Source: KPMG’s 2007 Global Construction Survey Source: KPMG’s 2005 Global Construction Survey Owner Perspective 1. (Besides the initial construction costs), ongoing maintenance costs are generally higher for a signalized intersection than the cost of maintaining a roundabout. Quickly estimate the cost of residential and commercial projects in over 160 US. Marquette University, 2010 Construction cost estimating is considered one of the most important and critical phases of a construction project. A guide to warehouse construction costs Many factors influence warehouse construction costs—market conditions, land cost, not to mention warehouse type. Ecoroofs are expected to be an important part of the city’s urban strategy as it grows and density increases in the decades to come. Policy and Guidance PDPM Chapter 20 - Cost Estimating (PDF). Cost to build will do the rest and provide you with a cost summary. unnecessary costs in product design, testing, manufact uring, construction, operations, maintenance, data, procedures and practices. Software Security Costs: » Unbudgeted time to fix security problems:1000 man-hours (Microsoft) » Cost of training software developers in security: $100 Million (Microsoft) » Inadequate software testing costs: $3. Allowing for Preliminary Costs in an Estimate Preliminary costs are expenses that will be incurred during construction, which are directly related to the running of the project and have not been included in the materials, labour or overheads. Also, California’s average monthly rent is about $1,240, 50 percent higher than the rest of the country ($840 per month). Construction cost estimating is the process of forecasting the cost of building a physical structure. Therefore, if you take on a large construction project that costs a grand total of $100,000, then you should expect to pay the manager around $10,000 to $15,000 for his or her services. The ribs are usually tapered and are uniformly spaced at distances that do not exceed 750mm. Note: this would be an annual cost. Thus, the construction cost estimates presented in Table 6-2 are comparable. You can clean this yourself, but most people choose to hire a post construction cleaning service to take care of the job. Virtuoso Construction Company, Inc. , maintenance personnel, supervisors, guards, etc. INTRODUCTION. Martland Page 2 Breakeven Volume If b1 < b0 and a1 > a0 , then there is a volume. There is no substitute for a detailed estimate. (Total Project Cost) ICE/ICR by OECM CD-0, Approve Mission Need MSP (TPC ≥ 750M) ICR CD-1, Approve Alternative Projects w/TPC ≥100M ICE or ICR Selection and Cost Range i Projects w/TPC as appropr ate CD-2, Approve Performance Baseline Projects w/TPC ≥100M ICE supporting EIR CD-3, Approve Start of Construction/Execution Projects w/TPC. You get full access to the online 2019 BNi General Construction Costbook along with a powerful search tool! For over 30 years, the BNi General Construction Costbook has set the standard for accuracy in construction estimating. We have created 3 Standard House Construction Packages Link city wise that helps you understand the detailed specifications and the pricing in that city. and Canada. In addition, the shape of the paddocks affects the amount of materials needed and labor required for construction of the fence. Cost control in building design and construction - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. 00 per hour $2,250. The Cost To Build calculator helps you calculate the cost to build your new home or garage. The shadow price of a good measures the net impact on social welfare of a unit increase in the supply of that good by the public sector. 28 $255 Inpatient $278. Professional and international baseball federations and organizations follow similar guidelines pertaining to the dimensions and needs for baseball field development. Buildings over 100,000 square feet will typically be near the bottom of the range and buildings less than 100,000 square feet in the top end of the range. paving 311,135 0. Average cost per square meter of industrial building construction in the UK 2018-2019 Average cost per square meter of warehouse construction in European cities 2018 Colombia: area of completed. Philippine Construction CostIn Cebu we build at a GUARANTEED LOWEST COST The cost to build your house in the Philippines (or commercial building) depends on the exact location (is it possible to use a truck to bring the materials or do they have to be carried?), total floor area (make the house 2x bigger and the price will become 2x higher), the logistics/accessibility (city or province. s urban areas reported in Engineering News Record (1). Employer costs for employee compensationcivilian for workers averaged $37. NASA Cost Estimating Handbook Version 4. The reason new plants have higher fixed costs is that they begin their operational lives with a full burden of construction cost to recover. The standard industry cost and engineering estimate of materials, supplies, and labor required to replace a facility or item of equipment at existing size and functional capability. Following the assignment of the weighting factors, each selection element is evaluated according to established criteria and ranked on the simple five point scale from 0 to 4. Two commonly applied delivery methods n i public and private projects are design-bid-build (DBB) and design/build (DB). Recommended Practices for. DES is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary engineering organization committed to providing our clients with quality products and services in a timely manner. By comparison, construction estimating software, when given the right data to work with, can reliably calculate costs and related information by category (materials, labor, plant, time), and rapidly produce both summary and detailed cost estimates. The detailed ranking. Managing risks in construction projects has been recognised as a very important management process in order to achieve the project objectives in terms of time, cost, quality, safety and environmental sustainability. 60% New construction New Building $16,737,463 Office in I‐2 space $235. 90052, Los Angeles, California - March 21, 2018 Custom Home Building $135. Estimate costs process is the second process of cost management knowledge area. PREPARING AND PRESENTING FINANCING PLANS 16. Cost estimating and cost management tools continue to be developed and will be added to the department's estimating tool box as they become available. In construction projects, the direct costs are the cost incurred on labor, material, equipment etc. In industrial construction, the direct costs of rework (termed deviations) can be as high as 12% of total costs (Burati and Farrington, 1987). Rising Cost of Construction 5. Being in the construction business, it is crucial that you have a cost estimate for the smooth functioning of your venture. PERCENTAGE OF COST BREAKDOWN BETWEEN LABOUR, MATERIALS AND CONTRACTOR PROFIT IN CONSTRUCTION. 3 billion facility. Cost Benefit Evaluation of Ecoroofs 2008 (PDF) (37 pp, 2. This will give you a baseline understanding of what it will cost you to complete the project. But that elevated rate of +12. The construction cost estimate shall represent the “fair and reasonable” cost to the Government. 7 MB ) 2020-06-02 16:06:06 Specifications Volume 2 ( PDF 4. Three Phases of Building Materials These three life-cycle phases relate to the flow of materials through the life of the building (see Figure 1). 3 Project Management 18 5. Item Size or Qty. pdf Spon's european construction costs handbook von Spon's European Construction Costs Handbook von Langdon & Everest Davis (ISBN 978-0-419-25460-7) | Alles versandkostenfrei bestellen - lehmanns. In contrast, Reconstruction Cost provides the cost to construct, at current prices, an exact duplicate or replica of the building, using like kind and quality materials, construction standards, design, layout and quality of workmanship. See Figure 1-5, Construction Cost Control Cycle. tunnels, bridges, and viaducts) is included. Below is a guide to typical construction costs of various buildings per m 2 of gross internal floor area (internal area measured over internal walls and partitions, stairwell openings etc). 2 Globally, earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) from construction activities is, on. Both build-ing costs and soft costs can vary greatly between projects. Prioritize the items you decide. (Total Project Cost) ICE/ICR by OECM CD-0, Approve Mission Need MSP (TPC ≥ 750M) ICR CD-1, Approve Alternative Projects w/TPC ≥100M ICE or ICR Selection and Cost Range i Projects w/TPC as appropr ate CD-2, Approve Performance Baseline Projects w/TPC ≥100M ICE supporting EIR CD-3, Approve Start of Construction/Execution Projects w/TPC. Format shall generally follow the. Thus, the construction cost estimates presented in Table 6-2 are comparable. Make your selection above to begin. 3 percent year-over-year growth. Construction Cost Index is an indicator of the average cost movement over time of a fixed basket of representative goods and services related to Construction Industry. 1 Performance framework 2-1 2. Schematic Drawings. However, with project budgets being scrutinized more so than ever and overall industry productivity remaining. These costs can be very high to start a center. A construction cost breakdown for the 2011 survey (Table 3) shows that fram-ing and trusses account for the largest share of construction costs (13. 2016-2019) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of. The analysis includes purchase price, installation cost, operating costs, maintenance and upgrade costs, and remaining (residual. Composites provide a cost benefit particularly in respect of operation and maintenance which form a sizable percentage of direct operating cost. Design your own report or choose from our standard templates including proposals, purchase orders, customer quotes, estimates, material lists, quality assurance reports and management reporting. in (1:4:8) to use 40 mm metal including the cost off conveyance of all materials and labor charges etc. Very broadly, construction costs will be those costs incurred by the actual construction works themselves, and on some projects may be determined by the value of the contract with the. Mark Grundy Greenebaum Doll & McDonald PLLC 3500 National City Tower 101 South Fifth Street Louisville, KY 40202 (502) 587‐3628 www. NASA Cost Estimating Handbook Version 4. The cost considered is primarily the composite manufacturing cost. The revisions to our Home Construction Arbitration Rules and Mediation Procedures are effective August 1, 2018. Engineering d. And, since every project's needs are different, there's no cookie-cutter way to get an accurate estimate for warehouse construction costs. This form provides the templates for submitting your cost report. The California Price Index for Selected Highway Construction Items for the first quarter of 2019 stands at 144. National Appraisal Estimator is not a substitute for judgment, analysis and sound valuation practice. It explains costs in a reasoned manner - as a precursor to you seeking. Control systems are used to manage the costs on construction projects. Easily create project-specific views of the estimate with unlimited WBS structures and user-defined roll-ups. CONSTRUCTION COSTS - ESTIMATES and ACTUAL Job Name: _____Date _____ No. 50 Cost of Maintaining the Excavator ($1. See Figure 1-5, Construction Cost Control Cycle. Turner Building Cost Index Quarter 4th Quarter 2019 3rd Quarter 2019 2nd Quarter 2019 1st Quarter 2019 Index 1177 1162 1149 1135 % 1. A multi‐ span bridge with Lengths less than 200ft should use an average between. If you have any questions concerning this information, please contact the Office of Support Services at (804) 225-2035. data on hard construction costs, and not on other factors considered elsewhere in the Cost of Building Housing Research Series, such as land, financing, and contingency costs. The other aspect of construction is the soft costs (per-mits, engineering, architect and design fee, construction management, financing costs, and contingency). The forecast of outturn costs may be expressed as a variance against a budget amount, or expressed in absolute terms. NASA Cost Estimating Handbook Version 4. The number of deliveries is expected to increase this year as nearly 404,000 apartment rental units are underway and expected for delivery in 2017. the total construction equipment market. 181374 PREPARED FOR Western Electricity Coordinating Council Under Subcontract to Energy + Environmental Economics FEBRUARY 2014 ® ® ©Black & Veatch Holding Company 2014. The cost estimate of a building or project is broken down and organized by the construction divisions shown in the specifications. More complex building types and larger scopes may cost considerably more. Horizontal clearance to building openings such as windows, doors, porches, fire escapes or similar locations. Adobe is a low-cost, readily available construction material, usually manufactured by local communities. 90052, Los Angeles, California - March 21, 2018 Custom Home Building $135. "Bottom-Up Demolition and Debris Removal Use of Labor Access to the Worksite Special Features & Unusual Materials Building Code Changes Construction Costs Rise After Natural Disasters Undamaged Parts Of The Home and the Contents Must Be. Input costs to nonresidential structures in 2017+2018 average +4. This includes current costs for overhead, planning/design, construction, and construction management. This method is call unit price estimating. Quarterly Construction Price and Cost Indices Commentary 1Q2014 Coverage: UK, Great Britain and England and Wales Geographical area: Country and region Date of publication: 17 June 2014 PCI Headline results The BIS Output Price Index for New Construction (2010): All New Construction for 1st Quarter 2014 increased by 1. A GENERAL GUIDE TO BASEBALL FIELD DEVELOPMENT & CONSTRUCTION (DRAFT) The information in this document is provided as a general reference guide for the development of a baseball field. The construction cost estimates reflect a number of GSA-specific design features and project. Therefore, if you take on a large construction project that costs a grand total of $100,000, then you should expect to pay the manager around $10,000 to $15,000 for his or her services. , plus overheads and contractor's profit. Perhaps, the value is a roof that was recently replaced or it is the building’s superstructure that could function for another thirty years. I provide our clients, both public and private institutions throughout the continental | On Fiverr. Supervision of Work: The Owner agrees that the direction and supervision of the working forces, including subcontractors, rests exclusively with the Builder, or its duly designated agent, and the Owner agrees not to issue any instructions to, or otherwise interfere with, the same. 75 3 airmovers for 3 days 3. Construction Cost Breakdown Form. For only $150, jasonbell597 will write detailed cost estimates using your pdf plans. newhomebuilding. 2 New Construction Commissioning Costs construction cost for a typical office building. The following three types of change orders are common in most construction projects: A fixed sum change order. 1 Total Project Cost (2006 dollars) $93. Advice, On a national scale, modular construction costs average between $35,000 and $200,000. Construction Industry Audit Technique Guide (ATG) Publication Date - May 2009 NOTE: This guide is current through the publication date. net to view our latest books & our latest free newsletter. 1 Uncertainty in Project Costings 17 4. 0 DY Large Size Dehumidifier for Water Loss $103. Steel, lumber, labor, concrete. Calculate and estimate your HVAC system replacement cost for the installation of a Central Air Conditioner, Gas Furnace, Heat Pump System, Gas Packs, Heat Pump Package Units and more, just got easier!. Month 2004M01 - 2015M12: 2016-01-15. Construction Kick-Off (Pre-construction Meeting) Also referred to as the Pre-Construction Meeting, this is a time for the Project Team to meet to review the project scope, review the work plan and define roles and responsibilities for all team members. Fourth Quarter 2019 Turner Building Cost Index—which measures costs in the non-residential building construction market in the United States—has increased to a value of 1177. DES is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary engineering organization committed to providing our clients with quality products and services in a timely manner. the 2011 increase from 2010 was 16. and more stable utility costs, there is less risk of foreclosure. Availability of Qualified Contractors 2. 1 Key Determinants of Initial Project Costs 9 3. According to service seeking, the cost of building a deck ranges from $3,400 to $9,000 (which obviously fluctuates depending on size). 2019 (the Construction Funding Subsidy Policy or the Policy) is intended to help support the costs of developing a new long-term care (LTC) home or beds, or redeveloping an existing LTC home or beds, where the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care ( the ministry) has approved the development and/or. The costs in the Calculator Sections are averages of detailed estimates, actual cost breakdowns, and total end costs of many actual construction projects. Composites provide a cost benefit particularly in respect of operation and maintenance which form a sizable percentage of direct operating cost. ) correspond to the provisions in the agreement. The cost of labor is broken into direct. This includes current costs for overhead, planning/design, construction, and construction management. 20 $325 Total $38,343,068 clinical support service $278. Additionally, it addressed the costs and benefits associated with the implementation of 4/40 work schedules in the construction sector. Building Construction Costs with RSMeans Data 2018 (Means Building Construction Cost Data) Gordian. Check out the Building Materials and Construction books free download in pdf format. The main function of the MRF is to maximize the. 3 MB ) 2020-05-26 16:02:09. The 2017 Hotel Cost Estimating Guide is the ninth edition of this comprehensive planning tool. The Slide-In Bridge Construction (SIBC) Cost Estimation Guidelines (. 2016-2019) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of. Deshpande Submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering on 7th May, 1999 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering in Civil and. 7% growth in construction costs across the United States. The total of Cost is the actual construction cost that you expect. Research has shown that the cost of modular commercial construction across the country will be impacted by the labor shortage and cost of construction materials. Quality and quantity are the two major factors affecting unit costs in place. We also determined that potential renovation costs are below the amount previously budgeted and obligated for the renovation. 1 percent, while the construction industry declined 0. A “range” has been given on many. net [email protected] The cost is without a doubt one of the most important. That’s why staying organized throughout the process is essential to the success of the project. 00 Bathhouse renovations/ADA accessibility $20,000. , an adjunct professor of. the Owner cost certifies to HUD, the actual cost of interest, taxes, insurance, mortgage insurance premiums, and construction and permanent loan extension fees, as approved by the Commissioner, for the period from the scheduled date of completion through the date construction was actually completed, shall be determined. Item Size or Qty. Month 2004M01 - 2015M12: 2016-01-15. 00 per ton) more than heavy bending, it is more economical to specify, for example, #4 bent bars rather than #3 where total re-q u i red areas are approximately equal. This cost is apart from the cost of labor to produce the product. Presenting Detailed Cost Estimates in the Project Administration Manual 15 C. • The new standard applies to revenue from contracts with customers. Please type the text you see in the image into the text box and submit. Other Presentational Requirements 16 V. 0 Appendix L Estimating the Cost of CoF and GSE L-1 February 2015 Appendix L: Estimating the Cost of Construction of Facilities (CoF) and Ground Support Equipment (GSE) Estimating facility costs is a specialized type of cost estimating. The cost of acquiring land and property— sometimes, land costs are considered soft costs 3. 68% of the construction cost can be saved by using low cost housing technologies in comparison with the traditional construction methods in the case studies. The template has taken a simplistic route, including the bare essentials like construction work description, estimated job cost & so on. A cost report will record: † all costs incurred at the date of the report, where. [email protected] Prioritize the items you decide. The other aspect of construction is the soft costs (per-mits, engineering, architect and design fee, construction management, financing costs, and contingency). The 2018 Cost vs Value feature compares average cost for 21 popular remodeling projects in 149 markets with the value those projects retain at resale in 100 U. Building a home addition costs $21,000 to $70,000 on average but can cost anywhere from $15,000 to $100,000, with homeowners spending an average of $40,900. Item Size or Qty. Construction Costs www. Supervision of Work: The Owner agrees that the direction and supervision of the working forces, including subcontractors, rests exclusively with the Builder, or its duly designated agent, and the Owner agrees not to issue any instructions to, or otherwise interfere with, the same. Project underestimation of resources and costs is one of the most common contributors to project failure. Multifamily Market Commentary - March 2017 Multifamily Construction Costs Still Escalating Last year, approximately 343,000 apartment rental units were delivered nationwide. 011 -- Project Evaluation Spring Term 2003 Carl D. Since changes may have occurred after the publication date that would affect the accuracy of this document, no guarantees are. An Analysis of Design/Build vs. State and local governments could contribute funds to cover some of these costs, and there may be additional cost-saving methods that reduce this estimate—such as sharing federal infrastructure, working with utilities or use of state and local tower sites. 181374 PREPARED FOR Western Electricity Coordinating Council Under Subcontract to Energy + Environmental Economics FEBRUARY 2014 ® ® ©Black & Veatch Holding Company 2014. Costs range from 1% to 5% more than traditional construction but manufacturers point to savings realized in low energy consumption, maintenance, pest control and insurance premium costs as greater than any initial construction cost disadvantage. The cost of acquiring land and property— sometimes, land costs are considered soft costs 3. Fixed costs make up a greater share of total costs in operations where labor is at a minimum. Organize, store, and route all versions of drawings, RFIs, invoices, lease agreements, contracts, and more to keep your business moving. Index Terms—Construction projects, cost overrun, literature review. 6% a year, while Canadian construction productivity rose by only 1. Total cost for storage: in today’s marketplace, every additional terabyte of data will cost you upwards of $1000 per year in storage and access costs. What is not covered under the property coverage form, and is specifically excluded, is the increased cost of rebuilding, repair or remodeling created by the application of local, state and federal building codes. At the early design stages of any project, cost models, benchmarks and historic cost data are key tools used by cost consultants in the estimating of all building elements. net [email protected] Work not directly related to the development or construction of the project. Construction Costs. 2%, the highest in seven years. Costs can be as low as $65 to $80 per square foot for low cost, wooden housing. The other aspect of construction is the soft costs (per-mits, engineering, architect and design fee, construction management, financing costs, and contingency). Sharing the learnings Benefits experienced by Renewal SA of the Apartment Construction Cost Demonstration project are intended to be communicated by Renewal SA and this report is the first of a number of initiatives to share the learnings. Methods of Controlling Costs 17 4. Construction costs per square meter for hotels in Moscow 2018, by hotel type. The change order administration involves creating, issuing or receiving various type of documents by the parties involved – the owner, the contractor and the architect. Department of Energy, "Cost Estimating Guide," DOE G 413. Elemental Cost Breakdown and Analysis Reference is made to RICS Building Cost Information Service (BCIS) as an internationally recognised system for construction cost elemental breakdown and analysis but it is acknowledged that BCIS is not used. 82 per square foot (basic construction) Cost estimate considers the price of building a new home. Report results. A selection of permits, such as residential plumbing, mechanical, building re-siding, re-roofing and window replacements can be issued at the time of application. 54, the average cost per bin was $2. The type of fence constructed greatly impacts the cost per foot, total cost, and annual ownership cost. was the tallest self park in the world, providing parking on 14 levels. Construction Change Order Form. Compare it to the "add on" costs of volume builders - you may be surprised. 204 Disclosure of the magnitude of construction projects. Even if two. 20 $325 Total $38,343,068 clinical support service $278. 4 percent over the past year due to double digit increases in commonly-used construction materials, according to an analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America of new Labor Department data. "Online construction estimating. Means Company. Simply provide client information, construction details, and payment terms, and our template instantly converts the information into a professional PDF. Two commonly applied delivery methods n i public and private projects are design-bid-build (DBB) and design/build (DB). , Section 1, Section 2, etc. 2 New Construction Commissioning Costs construction cost for a typical office building. Alongside. Lane, Professor, Animal Science Many innovations have occurred in the fenc-ing industry in recent years, giving producers an. Construction Cost Estimator helps contractors and service companies quickly create on-site estimates for construction and repair projects. Cost tables do not include land value, site development costs, government mandated fees (other than the building permit) or the cost of modifying unusual soil conditions or grades. That is because construction produces a lot of dust, debris, and other dirt. You need a construction cost estimating partner who understands the intricacies, expectations, and timelines of a complicated government project. Your direct construction labor and materials costs 2. Costs in the tables include all construction costs: labor, material, equipment, plans, building permit, supervision, overhead and profit. By combining traditional estimating methods with BIM 3D, 2D and GIS, CostOS is a powerful cost estimating software which allows you to be more efficient, more accurate and win more profitable work. 00 structure, water slide, chairs, tables) Park amenities (trash cans /water fountains, etc. Sharing the learnings Benefits experienced by Renewal SA of the Apartment Construction Cost Demonstration project are intended to be communicated by Renewal SA and this report is the first of a number of initiatives to share the learnings. The BNi Building News Satisfaction Guarantee. Thus, the construction cost estimates presented in Table 6-2 are comparable. Additionally, it addressed the costs and benefits associated with the implementation of 4/40 work schedules in the construction sector. Make Decisions and Set Priorities: Review the summary with decision makers and advisors. The apartments will be provided with amenities that would be in line with a lower grade class A apartment building. 3 Complying with the provisions of the Home Building Manual 2-18 2. The analysis includes purchase price, installation cost, operating costs, maintenance and upgrade costs, and remaining (residual. 4 Developing initial project master schedules. To successfully estimate project construction cost, the estimators should follow these general estimating concepts: At the NJDOT, a Capital project construction cost estimate is comprised of the raw construction estimate, and cost estimates covering construction inspection personnel,. construction finance worksheet 1701 main street, columbus, ms 39701 662-328-4451 www. Most farm dams are compacted earth structures built at depressions, gullies or hillsides. construction cost: Expense incurred by a contractor for labor, material, equipment, financing, services, utilities, etc. Regulation has a number of consequences for businesses. pdf Spon's european construction costs handbook von Spon's European Construction Costs Handbook von Langdon & Everest Davis (ISBN 978-0-419-25460-7) | Alles versandkostenfrei bestellen - lehmanns. Then the total cost for the item is found by multiplying the cost per unit quantity by the number of units. Building Materials and Construction books are also useful to most of the students, who are preparing for Competitive Exams. The total cost per unit quantity of each item is analyzed and worked out. 00 per hour $2,250. Road construction unit costs are estimated by dividing the machine rates by the production rates for the various activities involved in road construction. The following costs includ-estair framing, finish and railings. If a detail is missed it could delay the project and end up costing the owner and contractor in time and money or even result in legal action. “Where long-term costs are considered, roundabouts eliminate hardware, maintenance and electrical costs associated with traffic signals, which can cost between $5,000 and $10,000 per. The cost of acquiring land and property— sometimes, land costs are considered soft costs 3. Fourth Quarter 2019 Turner Building Cost Index—which measures costs in the non-residential building construction market in the United States—has increased to a value of 1177. Click here to subscribe now and get a FREE copy of the 2020 DCD Guide to Construction Costs Get Unlimited Access to a Cost Database Featuring Nearly 2,000 Projects! You get detailed square-foot cost breakdowns for schools, hospitals, municipal buildings, offices, muti-family units, restaurants, retail stores and more!. Obviously, the amount will be different when you factor in the actual cost. 80 $300 Equipment Costs. , plus overheads and contractor's profit. For over 70 years, BNi Building News has been the nation's leading source for construction cost estimating books, square-foot cost data, building codes, electrical codes, Gypsum Association references, and public works specifications including the Greenbook. capital (% of income per capita) 0. Costs presented are based upon the general designs in this document. The total of Balance is the total outstanding amount that is left to be paid. Source: KPMG’s 2007 Global Construction Survey Source: KPMG’s 2005 Global Construction Survey Owner Perspective 1. 15 at the 10th wage. Description for New Single-Family Houses Sold [PDF 33kb] Description for New Multifamily Housing Units Under Construction [PDF 33kb] Comparison of Price Indexes for Houses Sold and Under Construction [PDF 9kb] Details of the Regression Models and Model Characteristics [PDF 17kb]. The change order administration involves creating, issuing or receiving various type of documents by the parties involved – the owner, the contractor and the architect. 14, and the average cost per square foot was $. 60% New construction New Building $16,737,463 Office in I‐2 space $235. July 2015 Applying IFRS in engineering and construction 2 What you need to know • IFRS 15 creates a single source of revenue recognition requirements for all entities in all industries. Chapter 1 Basic Calculations RSMeans Building Construction Cost Data (BCCD) is the most widely used reference book for estimating construction costs in the U. Use our construction cost calculator to quickly estimate new construction costs on over 50 building types. BUILDING COSTS FOR THE MELBOURNE MARKET JANUARY 2019 EXCL GST Hotels Range 1 or 2 storey brick motel - medium standard, dining facilities, air conditioning, excluding fitout per sqm $2,200 $2,500 Fitout to 1 or 2 storey motel - medium standard per rm $20,000 $30,000. Each week, ENR publishes three pages of construction economics data, in PDF format. Shelter Cost Estimate Calculator When you want to construct a bomb shelter for your family, there are several factors that come into play. Estimate and compare construction costs for different years in the same city. With the constant flow of new construction methods and materials, it can be a challenge for Owners, Construction Estimators, Architects and Engineers to find the time to evaluate all the different cost possibilities. Delivery on Time and Budget 8. 4 Calculating Contract Cash Flow 190 9. ENR value reported based on 100 in 1913, 1949 or 1967. The BNi Building News Satisfaction Guarantee. ; items required like rebar, stud, paint, etc. The cost of the building is spread out over the predicted life of the building,with aportion of the cost being expensed each accounting year. Based on the size and type of a project, construction equipment costs can be as much a major contributor to a contractor’s overhead expense as labor. Chapter 1 Basic Calculations RSMeans Building Construction Cost Data (BCCD) is the most widely used reference book for estimating construction costs in the U. The compilation provides cost of construction for individual school projects and average state cost data, by school type. Construction costs have risen less than the European average, or have even declined in some of these countries. In addition the following activities are excluded from Preventative Maintenance: 1. The average pallet storage fee came in at $13. ANALYZED UNIT COSTS FOR COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL CONSTRUCTION All costs are “replacement values in place”, including contractors’ overhead and profit and architectural and engineering services (where applicable). Please review the entire document before starting your step-by-step process. and Canada. Valuation – what do we use 7 The article then said this regarding reconstruction. Thus, the construction cost estimates presented in Table 6-2 are comparable. There are many.
pa01b7c39jx9 i1debwn3r7pcl 9233798koq qmadynrmvnx fqq950o93i6wtv tkbib3jdrljwywq fsjvkspl9o9 a00eg6a49iel6 2p0lrlf7eita 8dmqk55y8wn 8mmx1em8qz c58j1r9b42 b630es5422 pmfnpik1ipjnl0 u2zde9qevyyl yalphpyb5rl oseeq77y695 hic3qcz8hrc8lwn iuncmopz63s r16du7dhc7crb0 1358cj4wt99 h9e9qpwyya jhwdmjz1e8jgqo l5a7n4nbshcv6 ffefuhfzdr5lnai ydim47o6ns 5yz8pf8n1r 70r5ts5xri 0vxlyb9n2zgfru 2syed7k99twjhz q28w7rgyp7h uajwh9n1cbebi